Examples for Module 4: Poetry

3. Lewis Carroll: The Mouse's Tale

The following example is an excerpt from Lewis Carroll's The Mouse's Tale, a poem appearing in the third chapter of Alice in Wonderland. It is a concrete poem in which the lines consist of only a couple of words, laid out in such a way that they visualise the mouse's winding tail:
For the encoder, this specific visual layout challenges the TEI's orientation towards logical structures to some extent. In the example, the visual lines are encoded as logical lines (<l>); the visual particularities (font size, indentation) are formalised as values of a @rend attribute on each line. Of course, any value system is allowed for the @rend attribute; it's up to the rendition layer to decide how to interpret these values and format them on the screen / in print.
Alternatively, the lines could have been treated on a more logical level, spanning multiple physical lines. The line breaks then could have been encoded with <lb/> elements, and specific visual characteristics as values for @rend attributes on <seg> elements. Since the spaces are quite significant, the TEI special purpose element <space> could have been used as well.
<l rend="font-size(110%) indent(-60)">"Fury said to</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(-40px)">a mouse, That</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(0px)">he met</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(10px)">in the</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(20px)">house,</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(17px)">'Let us</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(5px)">both go</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(-7px)">to law:</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(-23px)"><hi rend="italic">I</hi> will</l>
<l rend="font-size(100%) indent(-26px)">prosecute</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(-40px)"><hi rend="italic">you.</hi></l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(-30px)">Come, I'll</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(-20px)">take no</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(-7px)">denial;</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(19px)">We must</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(45px)">have a</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(67px)">trial:</l>
<l rend="font-size(90%) indent(80px)">For</l>
<l rend="font-size(80%) indent(70px)">really</l>
<l rend="font-size(80%) indent(57px)">this</l>
<l rend="font-size(80%) indent(75px)">morning</l>
<l rend="font-size(80%) indent(95px)">I've</l>
<l rend="font-size(80%) indent(77px)">nothing</l>
<l rend="font-size(80%) indent(57px)">to do.'</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(38px)">Said the</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(30px)">mouse to</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(18px)">the cur,</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(22px)">'Such a</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(37px)">trial,</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(27px)">dear sir,</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(9px)">With no</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(-8px)">jury or</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(-18px)">judge,</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(-6px)">would be</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(7px)">wasting</l>
<l rend="font-size(70%) indent(25px)">our breath.'</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(30px)">'I'll be</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(24px)">judge,</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(15px)">I'll be</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(2px)">jury,'</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(-4px)">Said</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(17px)">cunning</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(29px)">old Fury;</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(37px)">'I'll try</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(51px)">the whole</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(70px)">cause,</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(65px)">and</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(60px)">condemn</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(60px)">you</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(68px)">to</l>
<l rend="font-size(60%) indent(82px)">death.' "</l>


[1] Based on a TEI P4 XML encoding of Blake, William (1789). Songs of Innocence and of Experience. London: W Blake. Encoded and made available by the University of Virginia Library, Text Collection at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/BlaSong.html
[2] TBE crafted example encoding of Porphyria's Lover. In: Browning, Robert (1842), Dramatic Lyrics.
[3] TBE crafted example encoding of Carroll, Lewis (1865). Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. New York: D. Appleton and co., 37, based on its hypertext encoding at http://bootless.net/mouse.html.
[4] Based on a TEI P4 XML encoding of Islam, Mubina (2004). A Selection of Sonnets: electronic edition encoded in XML with a TEI DTD. Unpublished Master's Dissertation, London: University College London (based on Alexander, Peter (1978) The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. London: Collins.).
[5] TBE crafted example encoding of Sestina. In: Swinburne, Algernon Charles (1924), Swinburne's Collected Poetical Works. London: William Heinemann, 330-31.
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