Examples for Module 3: Prose

2. Charles Muller: Some <biblStruct> examples

In the technical documentation of the Yogācāra Bibliography, Charles Muller illustrates the encoding conventions used for the bibliographic encoding of different types of publications, using <biblStruct>.

2.1. A standard published manuscript

As for any independently published work, the most common bibliographic facts of interest are the work's author, title, place and date of publication, and publisher. These are encoded with their relevant TEI elements, and grouped in a <monogr> element. Note, how the @level attribute on the <title> element indicates the status of this work as 'monography' (by means of the m value).
<biblStruct xml:id="lusthaus-2002">
<monogr>
<author>Lusthaus, Dan</author>
<title level="m">Buddhist Phenomenology: A Philosophical Investigation of Yogācāra Buddhism and the Ch'eng Wei-shih Lun</title>
<imprint>
<pubPlace>London</pubPlace>
<publisher>RoutledgeCurzon</publisher>
<date>2002</date>
</imprint>
</monogr>
</biblStruct>

2.2. An article in a volume

When a bibliographic item is part of a larger bibliographic item, both can be described in a single <biblStruct> element. The details of the smallest bibliographic item (the article), are grouped in an <analytic> element. Note, how the status of the article's title is pointed out in the @level attribute on the <title> element: a for 'analytic'.
The containing bibliographic item is described in the <monogr> element, with the usual bibliographic elements. Note, how the scope of the article within the larger work is encoded with <biblScope>, whose unit of measurement is identified as pages in a @type attribute.
<biblStruct>
<analytic>
<author>Weinstein, Stanley</author>
<title level="a">The Ālaya-vijñāna in Early Yogācāra Buddhism--a Comparison of the Meaning in the Saṃdhinirmocana-sūtra and Vijñapti-mātratā-siddhi of Dharmapāla</title>
</analytic>
<monogr>
<title level="m">Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan</title>
<imprint>
<biblScope type="pages">46-58</biblScope>
<pubPlace>Tokyo</pubPlace>
<publisher>Toho Gakkai</publisher>
<date>1958</date>
</imprint>
</monogr>
</biblStruct>

2.3. An article in a journal

The encoding of a journal article closely resembles that of an article in a volume: details of the article go in <analytic>, while those of the larger work go in <monogr>. Note, how the status of journal title is identified by the j value for the title's @level attribute. Here, the <biblScope> element is used both for identifying the pages on which the article appears (type="pages"), and the journal volume in which the article appears (type="vol").
<biblStruct xml:id="Sponberg-1979">
<analytic>
<author>Sponberg, Alan</author>
<title level="a">Dynamic Liberation in Yogācāra Buddhism</title>
</analytic>
<monogr>
<title level="j">Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies</title>
<imprint>
<biblScope type="vol">2(1)</biblScope>
<biblScope type="pages">44-64</biblScope>
<date>1979</date>
</imprint>
</monogr>
</biblStruct>

2.4. An edited volume

The encoding of an edited volume closely resembles that of any other independently published work, only here the <editor> element is used instead of <author>.
<biblStruct xml:id="Kawamura-1978">
<monogr>
<editor>Kawamura, Leslie</editor>
<title level="m">The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhism</title>
<imprint>
<pubPlace>Canada</pubPlace>
<publisher>Wilfred Laurier University Press</publisher>
<date>1978</date>
</imprint>
</monogr>
</biblStruct>

2.5. An unpublished dissertation

For the bibliographic description of an unpublished dissertation, as much information as possible can be given in the usual places, while its unpublished status can be indicated with the value u for the @type attribute of the <title> element. Also, in the following example, the work's status as Ph.D dissertation is pointed out in an extra <note> element inside <monogr>.
<biblStruct xml:id="Anacker-1969">
<monogr>
<author>Anacker, Stefan</author>
<title level="u">Vasubandhu: Three Aspects</title>
<note>Ph.D dissertation</note>
<imprint>
<publisher>University of Wisconsin</publisher>
<pubPlace>Madison</pubPlace>
<date>1969</date>
</imprint>
</monogr>
</biblStruct>
[2]

Bibliography

[1] Based on a TEI P4 XML encoding of Jones, Malcolm (2006). British Printed Images to 1700, Print of the month, September 2006. London: Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College. Available online at http://bpi1700.cch.kcl.ac.uk/printsMonths/september2006.html.
[2] Based on TEI P4 XML encoding examples available in Muller, Charles, XML Technical Notes on the Yogācāra Bibliography. Accompanying documentation for the Yogācāra Buddhism Research Association. Available online at http://www.acmuller.net/yogacara/bibliography/bibnotes.html.
[3] Based on a TEI P4 XML encoding of Bronte, Emily (1847). Wuthering Heights. Encoded and made available by the University of Virginia Library, Text Collection at http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/BroWuth.html.
[4] Based on a TEI P4 XML encoding of Cather, Willa (1979). Roll Call on the Prairies. In: The Red Cross Magazine, 14 (July 1919): 27-31. Edited by Andrew Jewell. Lincoln: Center for Digital Research in the Humanities, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Available online at http://cather.unl.edu/nf007.html.
[5] Based on a TEI P4 XML encoding of Morgan, Eric Lease (1997). Clarence meets Alcuin; or, expert systems are still an option in reference work. In: P. Ensor (Ed.), The Cybrarian's manual (pp. 127-134). Chicago: American Library Association. Available online at http://infomotions.com/musings/clarence-meets-alcuin/index.shtml.
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